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WHO KILLED THE
USA: Sony Pictures Classics
UK: Sony Pictures Releasing
Cast: Dave Barthmuss, Jim Boyd, Alec N Brooks, Alan Cocconi, John R Dabels, Phyllis Diller, Colette Divine, Tom Everhart PhD, S David Freeman, Frank J Gaffney Jr, Mel Gibson, Gre Hanssen, Peter Horton, Doug Korthof, Alan C Lloyd PhD, Alan Lowenthal, Edward H Murphy PhD, Ralph Nader, Dan Neil, Linda Nicholes, Iris Ovshinsky, Stanford Ovshinsky, Alexandra Paul, Bill Reinert, Wally E Rippel, Paul Roberts, Joseph J Romm PhD, Paul Scott, Bob Sexton, Chelsea Sexton, Jananne Sharpless, J Karen Thomas, John R Wallace, R James Woolsey, Bill Wylam
Director: Chris Paine
USA & UK: 92 mins
USA Rated: PG for brief mild language
UK Certificate: U contains mild language
USA Release Date: 28 June 2006 (Limited Release - New York and Los Angeles)
UK Release Date: 4 August 2006 (Limited Release - London, West End)
It was among the fastest, most efficient production cars ever built. It ran on electricity, produced no emissions and catapulted American technology to the forefront of the automotive industry. The lucky few who drove it never wanted to give it up. So why did General Motors crush its fleet of EV1 electric vehicles in the Arizona desert?
WHO KILLED THE ELECTRIC CAR? chronicles the life and mysterious death of the GM EV1, examining its cultural and economic ripple effects and how they reverberated through the halls of government and big business.
The year is 1990. California is in a pollution crisis. Smog threatens public health. Desperate for a solution, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) targets the source of its problem: auto exhaust. Inspired by a recent announcement from General Motors about an electric vehicle prototype, the Zero Emissions Mandate (ZEV) is born. It required 2% of new vehicles sold in California to be emission-free by 1998, 10% by 2003. It is the most radical smog-fighting mandate since the catalytic converter.
With a jump on the competition thanks to its speed-record-breaking electric concept car, GM launches its EV1 electric vehicle in 1996. It was a revolutionary modern car, requiring no gas, no oil changes, no mufflers, and rare brake maintenance (a billion-dollar industry unto itself). A typical maintenance checkup for the EV1 consisted of replenishing the windshield washer fluid and a tire rotation.
But the fanfare surrounding the EV1's launch disappeared and the cars followed. Was it lack of consumer demand as carmakers claimed, or were other persuasive forces at work?
Fast forward to 6 years later... The fleet is gone. EV charging stations dot the California landscape like tombstones, collecting dust and spider webs. How could this happen? Did anyone bother to examine the evidence? Yes, in fact, someone did. And it was murder.
The electric car threatened the status quo. The truth behind its demise resembles the climactic outcome of Agatha Christie's Murder on the Orient Express: multiple suspects, each taking their turn with the knife. WHO KILLED THE ELECTRIC CAR? interviews and investigates automakers, legislators, engineers, consumers and car enthusiasts from Los Angeles to Detroit, to work through motives and alibis, and to piece the complex puzzle together.
WHO KILLED THE ELECTRIC CAR? is not just about the EV1. It's about how this allegory for failureŚreflected in today's oil prices and air qualityŚcan also be a shining symbol of society's potential to better itself and the world around it. While there's plenty of outrage for lost time, there's also time for renewal as technology is reborn in WHO KILLED THE ELECTRIC CAR?